For the purposes of this Convention: Article Right of access to and from the sea and freedom of transit 1. Land-locked States shall have the right of access to and from the sea for the purpose of exercising the rights provided for in this Convention including those relating to the freedom of the high seas and the common heritage of mankind. To this end, land-locked States shall enjoy freedom of transit through the territory of transit States by all means of transport.
Let me also avail of the occasion to express our heartfelt gratitude for the hospitality accorded to us by the people and Government of Austria. The underlying reasons that prompted the first International Ministerial Conference of Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries and our International Partners ten-years ago, culminating in the Almaty Programme of Action, are too cogent and vivid to merit additional elaboration here.
The original emphasis was perhaps skewed on the trade encumbrances and infrastructural bottlenecks land locked countries face, with deleterious implications on their economic growth.
In the event, the whole discourse might need to be recast to address the symbiotic trade and commercial cooperation ties between landlocked and transit countries in a more holistic and intertwined manner.
In this respect, a regional architecture and protocol of economic cooperation that transcends limited port transit services to encompass broader areas of mutual economic cooperation will go a long way to address both the hardware and software bottlenecks that have been spelled out in the Report of the UN Secretary General of 25 July, The regional framework can thus create a more convenient platform for synergetic arrangements.
Needless to emphasize, these collective frameworks will not necessarily substitute but only supplant and standardize the commercial service 3 agreements that are usually entered between landlocked and transit countries at a bilateral level.
Indeed, harmonization of transport and transit policies, regulations, procedures and best practices have higher prospects of effectiveness and durability when they are charted out in tandem with other objectives and tasks of all-rounded regional cooperation.
In our region, for instance, the Tripartite COMESA-SADEC-IGAD framework of consultations on harmonization of transport, energy, information and communication technologies can offer a convenient platform to streamline, within the context of broader protocols of cooperation, port transit administrative procedures, and judicious service tariffs and to simplify border control operations.
At the infrastructural level, it is clear that transit countries require substantial capital investment for expansion and modernization of their ports; for the maintenance and construction of main highways that serve transit trade as well as efficient telecommunication and power supply installations.
In this regard, provision of soft and concessional loans to transit countries are essential both for the efficiency of transit services and trade as well as to render service charges at much reduced, non-rent seeking, costs.FOR LAND-LOCKED STATES: THE EVOLUTION OF PRINCIPLE AND LAW goods in transit of landlocked countries have been subjected to seizures for the satisfaction of orders issued in States of transit,' and routine impositions on the Countries and Rights of .
Most of these countries are small and poor. Being landlocked is relevant for transport costs: 1.
Transport costs are higher on land than on sea. 2. Because the landlocked country has little choice about the transit of goods, land transport charges are sometimes subject to monopoly pricing within the adjacent countries.
3. Land-locked States shall have the right of access to and from the sea for the purpose of exercising the rights provided for in this Convention including those relating to the freedom of the high. The Rights Accorded the Landlocked Countries in the Law of November 4th, - imposes serious constraint on the overall socio economic development of landlocked countries the 48 landlocked countries 31 are developing case of LANDLOCKED DÃ©finition et synonymes de landlocked dans le.
Out of Africa’s 55 countries, 16 of them are landlocked: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, South Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
In other words, about a third of the continent is made up of countries that have no access to the ocean or sea. For example, the average GDP per capita for the world is approximately $15 US dollars but of the world’s landlocked countries, only a few, such as Switzerland and Austria, have a higher GDP per capita than this average.