Synopsis[ edit ] Shaheen speaks at the beginning of the documentary about the extent to which Arabs face slander and manipulation in Hollywood, commenting that he has formulated that view of his after having seen over a thousand films produced, in the past and in the present. He also talks about how bleak the views are, those of which are borne by the Western civilization and he refers to it as our civilizationadmittedly confessing how the views directly attack the Arabs' humanity. Furthermore, he mentions how the same image took shape in several patterns to feed the same substance that is continuously demonizing the Arabs, thus.
Ramasubramanian The Howard Journal of Communications, Overall, India was consistently portrayed as backward, uncivilized, savage, and traditional. These patterns of stereotypical portrayals of India across films are discussed in the context of schema theory, social identity theory, and cultural colonization.
KEYWORDS media portrayals, stereotypes, films, content analysis, India Our understanding about other cultures and nations around the world is often colored by our memory of these places that we have received through mediated visual information Mitra, Films play an important role in shaping ethnic and national identities, especially in the absence of much face-to-face interactions with these groups.
They help to create and perpetuate national stereotypes. For example, it would not be surprising if many Americans learn about Africans through Tarzan films, about Arabs from movies such as The Mummy, about China Address correspondence to Dr.
Not surprisingly, when asked to recall the attributes of the social group, people might recall scenes, characters, lines, settings, and actors from various films in an attempt to grab whatever little information we can get to make quick judgments in interpersonal situations.
Thus, it is crucial to examine what types of portrayals of various marginalized groups are presented within this medium. In this context, the current content analysis attempts to examine the nature of portrayals about India and its peoples represented in feature films produced in the West.
Apart from such gross under-representation of racial minorities, another major concern is that mem- bers of these racial groups are often depicted in simplistic, stereotypical ways.
Thus, prior research examining North American media suggests that for- mulaic depictions of racial minorities such as African Americans, Latinos, and Asian Americans continue to persist in contexts such as print and television even in contemporary media channels without much change over time.
Because of its ability to create a realistic presentation of real world experiences by combining both audio and visual modes, cinema has emerged as a powerful medium in shaping the imagination of its viewers through vivid audio-visual aesthetic experiences. Such innova- tions make repeated viewing of films easily possible for interested audiences, even if the films are classics produced many years ago.
In sum, the pervasive influence of film as a medium makes it an important source of information in shaping our perceptions of other cultures, especially because many films are set in foreign locales. Given that the focus of the current study is on depictions of India in the West, some of the commonly represented themes in such media texts, as well as some factors that influ- ence such depictions, are examined next.
As a starting point, it is important to examine how the historical and political contexts of power relations between the first and third World countries influ- ence media content. This imbalance in information flow, the lack of accurate and diverse sources of information, and the absence of racial S.
Such marginalization is not just evident in the lack of third world-related information in the Western news media but it can also be noted in the absence of characters and plots from third world countries within entertainment media.
Westerners are almost always at the center of the story and the third world people, especially women, are given only trivial insignificant roles Kaplan, Even when media content occasionally feature third world characters, they are very often portrayed in condescending, negative, and stereotypical ways.
For instance, past research on representations of African people in Western films reveal that they are often portrayed as savage canni- bals or innocent primitive people Cameron, ; Ukadike, Whereas the role of the Western characters is complex in these narratives, those of third world Characters are simplistic and almost predictable.
The latter are usually present only as embellishments that help define the heroic nature of the Western characters. Moreover, Shohat pointed out that even when Hollywood films include third world locations in their plots, typically such locations act as the backdrop for the main narrative such that the focus is on exaggerating socio-religious practices in spectacular ways to act as sym- bols to signify the place.Black women while simultaneously offering a site of agency for Black women in Hip Hop.
Finally, I offer suggestions for progressive representations of Black people in Hip Hop reality television shows and process through my complicity as an avid fan of the show.
While the black best friend isn’t a maid or nanny, she typically functions to help her white friend, normally the protagonist of the show, transcend difficult circumstances.
These stereotypes are arguably as positive as it gets for black characters in Hollywood. The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators In the article, bell hooks takes a historical look at black females as media spectators.
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Bell hooks is a black feminist who calls attention to the negative aspects of white supremacy and capitalist patriarchy. To view the updated Gender Inequality in Film infographic released in , click the banner above. In light of the record-breaking opening of the female-led action film Hunger Games: Catching Fire this past weekend, the New York Film Academy decided to take a closer look at women in film and what, if any, advancements women are making.
After reviewing the data, it is clear that Hollywood. Analysis of Representations of African Americans in Non-linear Streaming Media Content Tony Weaver Jr. portrayals of women as victims; they were more likely to embrace beliefs pertaining to violence (Gerbner The independent Black woman, an archetypal type of Black woman, has been depicted as being.
With her recent Golden Globe nomination for her role in The Help, Actress Viola Davis has risen to being one of the most sought after black actress in Hollywood with several accolades including.